Simple Interceptive Orthodontics

Interceptive Orthodontic treatment is the first phase of orthodontic treatment done to lessen the severity or future effects of malocclusion (crooked teeth). It is considered as preventive orthodontics. This usually include correction of one or two teeth with localised tooth movement.

Space maintainer

Children get their first full set of baby teeth by around 2-3 years old. Children lose their baby teeth earlier than expected due to several reasons such as dental caries, trauma, existing caries etc and this is called “premature tooth loss”. Sometimes there could be a delay in permanent teeth to come inside the mouth. In such cases, space maintainers are used to fill that gap until the permanent tooth erupts. Routine use of space maintainers is not recommended for all the early loss of primary teeth. The Dentist will assess and advice you on this.

Correction of crossbite

Anterior crossbite is defined as a malocclusion resulting from one or two teeth that is pushed lingual (inside the mouth) of the upper front teeth in relationship to the lower front teeth. There are different techniques to correct this crossbite. There are techniques where use of bonded resin-composite slopes on the affected tooth can be done in their early mixed dentition. Sometimes a upper removable appliance are used to correct the crossbite. Your Dentist will assess and advise you about treatment options and create a treatment plan.

Thumb sucking correction

Thumb sucking and pacifier habit is normal until around 3-4 years of age. If this habit persists after 3-4 years old, the following problems are likely to happen:

  • Teeth growing out of position
  • Narrower dental arches
  • Tongue thrust habit
  • Protruded upper front teeth
  • Dental Crossbite
  • Open bite or increased over jet
  • Teeth crowding
  • Uneven development of the development of upper and lower jaw
  • Other developmental issues which may require orthodontic correction

The line of treatment for these habits includes removal of the aetiology, and /or use of appliance tongue bead appliances are commonly used as retraining exercise devices. In severe tongue thrusting/ thumb sucking cases which leads to anterior open bite, a bead appliance alone may not be effective in restricting the habit. Tongue Crib appliance (habit breaking appliance) might be suggested depending on the nature, compliance and severity of the case. Our Childrens Dentist will assess this and advise you regarding the treatment plan.